Apologetika Terhadap Pembunuhan Huguenots

Tulisan seseorang di page Katolik Menjawab : 10.000 Hugenot (Protestan) dibunuh dalam pembunuhan masal berdarah di Paris pada hari St. Bartholomeus, tahun 1572. Raja Perancis mengadakan misa sebagai ucapan syukur begitu banyak penyesat dilenyapkan. Untuk menyatakan terima kasih atas kejadian ini, Paus Gregorius XIII pergi ke gereja St. Louis. Sebagai tanda peringatan akan peristiwa ini dibuatkan sebuah mata uang.

Berikut ini adalah tanggapan terhadap tulisan tersebut (mungkin nanti akan direvisi).

Pertama, pembunuhan Huguenots (calvinist perancis) direncanakan oleh Catherine de’ Medici. Sebelumnya ia mencoba membunuh admiral Coligny atas kecemburuannya terhadap sang admiral yang memiliki pengaruh terhadap raja Perancis, namun gagal dan Coligny hanya terluka.

Catharine de’ Medicijealous of Coligny’s influence with the king, and it may be in collusion with theDuke of Guise who had his father’s death to avenge on the admiral, plotted the death of the latter. But the attempt failed; Coligny was only wounded. Catharine, fearing reprisals from the Huguenot’s, suddenly won over the king and his council to the idea of putting to death the Huguenot leadersassembled in Paris. (Sumber : Catholic Encyclopedia : Huguenots)

Kedua, berikut ini adalah fakta kekerasan yang dilakukan Huguenots (i.e. menghancurkan gereja, patung dan salib, membakar relikui dan membunuh Duke of Guise) :

Forthwith, at the call of the Prince de Conde, there began the first of the civil wars called the “wars of religion”. The Huguenots rose, as they said, to enforce respect for the Edict of January, which theDuke of Guise was trampling under foot. Everywhere the mutual animosities found vent in acts ofviolence. Huguenots were massacred in one place, monks and religious in another. Wherever the insurgents gained the mastery, churches were sacked, statues and crosses mutilated,sacred utensils profaned insacrilegious burlesques, and relics of saints cast into the flames. The most serious encounters took place at Orléanswhere the Duke of Guise was treacherously assassinated by a Huguenot. (Sumber : Catholic Encyclopedia : Huguenots)

Ketiga, awalnya Paus Gregory percaya bahwa Huguenots melakukan konspirasi terhadap pemerintahan Perancis, sehingga Paus menyarankan raja Perancis untuk bertahan melawan Huguenots. Paus kemudian melakukan upacara thanksgiving atas represi konspirasi tersebut, dan memperingatinya dengan membuat medal struck (koin medali). Namun satu hal yang pasti adalah imam katolik tidak terlibat dalam pembantaian besar-besaran tersebut.

Thus it was that Pope Gregory XIII at first believed in a conspiracy of the Huguenots, and, persuaded that the king had but defended himself against these heretics, held a service of thanksgiving for the repression of the conspiracy, and commemorated it by having a medal struck, which he sent with his felicitations to Charles IX. There is no proof that the Catholic clergywere in the slightest degree connected with the massacre. (Sumber : Catholic Encyclopedia : Huguenots)

Keempat, kebahagiaan Paus tidak bertahan lama setelah ia mengetahui latar belakang peristiwa yang terjadi, bahkan Paus menolak untuk menerima Maurevel, orang yang menembak Coligny. Bahkan sang paus mengatakan bahwa ia adalah seorang pembunuh (assasin) :

Besides, the pope’s joy did not last long. A rather involved account by Brantôme leads us to think that, becoming better informed, he grew angry at the news of such barbarity, and it iscertain that when, in October, 1572, the Cardinal of Lorraine wished to present Maurevel, who had fired on Coligny on 22 August, Gregory XIII refused to receive him, saying: “He is an assassin.” Doubtless by this time the vague despatches sent by Salviati during the weeks preceding the massacre had, in the light of events, become more comprehensible and rendered it clearer that the origin of these tragic events was the assault of 22 August; without ceasing to rejoice that Charles IX had eventually escaped the conspiracy then commonly asserted in France and abroad,Gregory XIII judged the criminal, Maurevel, according to hisdeserts. The condemnation by Pius V of the “intrigues” against Coligny and the refusal ofGregory XIII to receive Maurevel “the assassin” establish the unbending rectitude of the papacy, which, eager as it was for the re-establishment of religious unity, never admitted thepagan theories of a certain raison d’état according to which the endjustified the means. As to the congratulations and the manifestations of joy which the news of the massacre elicited fromGregory XIII, they can only be fairly judged by assuming that the Holy See, like allEurope and indeed many Frenchmen, believed in the existence of aHuguenot conspiracy of whose overthrow the Court boasted and whose punishment an obsequious parliament had completed. (Sumber : Catholic Encyclopedia : Saint Bartholomew’s Day)

Kelima, jumlah korban yang jatuh bervariasi dan tidak tepat pada angka 10.000

Estimates of the number that perished in the massacres, “have varied from 2,000 by a Roman Catholic apologist to 70,000 by the contemporary Huguenot duc de Sully, who himself barely escaped death”.[31] Accurate figures for casualties have never been compiled,[32] and even in writings by modern historians there is a considerable range, though the more specialised the historian, the lower they tend to be. At the low end are figures of about 2,000 in Paris[33] and 3,000 in the provinces, the latter figure an estimate by Philip Benedict in an article in 1978.[34] Other estimates are about 10,000 in total,[35] with about 3,000 in Paris[36] and 7,000 in the provinces.[37] At the higher end are total figures of up to 20,000,[38] or 30,000 in total, from “a contemporary, non-partisan guesstimate” quoted by the historians Felipe Fernández-Armesto and D. Wilson.[39] For Paris, the only hard figure is a payment by the city to workmen for collecting and burying 1,100 bodies washed up on the banks of the Seine downstream from the city in one week. Body counts relating to other payments are computed from this. [40](Sumber : Wikipedia : St. Bartholomew Day’s Massacre)

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